What To Do If There Is A Natural Disaster

Natural Disasters and How to Avoid Them

What To Do If There Is A Natural Disaster

Natasha Bensen, Contributor

When you get a weather alert on your phone, it could range anywhere from a thunderstorm to a tsunami. If you did not know about any types of natural disasters and you want to, you are in the right place. I will explain to you about some natural disasters and how to prepare for them. If you already knew, you could learn something new from this article. 

The first natural disaster would be a hurricane. We just went through Hurricane Ian, and we suffered lots of damage. To prepare for a hurricane, you would need to have emergency food and water supplies. If needed, you would also have an emergency medicine supply. If the power goes out, you would be happy that you had a flashlight and some extra batteries. Make sure you are in a safe, secure area, preferably away from windows. A hurricane is a large rotating storm with high-speed winds. The hurricane forms over warm waters in tropical areas. Hurricanes have sustained winds of at least 74 miles per hour and an area of low air pressure in the center called the eye. A hurricane can be just a category 1 at 74 mph, or it could range to a category 5 with winds going at around 157 mph. 

The next natural disaster is a tornado. If there is a tornado coming, go to your basement or a secure room without windows. If possible, avoid sheltering in any room with windows. For added protection get under something sturdy. Take cover just in case of debris. You should get water, canned food, a flashlight, and some extra batteries. A tornado is a rotating column of air. A tornado usually touches the ground unless it is over water. Then it is called a waterspout. Most tornadoes come with thunderstorms. Tornadoes are some of nature’s most violent storms. Spawned by powerful thunderstorms, tornadoes can cause fatalities and devastate a neighborhood in seconds. 

Another natural disaster I will tell you about is a tsunami. Most tsunamis occur in the Pacific Ocean and the seas around it. Get to high ground as far inland as possible. Be alert to signs of a tsunami, such as a sudden rise or draining of ocean water. A tsunami is a series of large waves usually created by a violent disturbance or activity near the coast or in the ocean. If you live along the Atlantic coast, it is very unlikely that you will go through a tsunami. 

The last natural disaster I will tell you about are wildfires. Wildfires occur in the hotter and dry areas of land. If the is a wildfire, designate a room that can be closed off from outside air. Close all doors and windows to make sure no smoke or fire gets in. If you can, you can get a hose and create a water barrier 30 feet around your house to help the fire stay away from your property. A wildfire is an uncontrolled fire that burns, often in rural areas. Wildfires can burn in forests, grasslands, and savannahs. But you never know where a wildfire could start. It could be anywhere, even in the arctic tundra. 

Now you know about some natural disasters, what they are, and how to prepare for them. If you still have questions about any natural disasters, you can look it up. But, if you do get a natural disaster warning, it is best you know what they are and how to prepare for them.